Adult-centrism, adult-centric society
Adult means grown-up. Adult-centrism therefore means that grown-ups are the focal point of a social order, that their needs are prioritised and that they are allowed to make the decisions, including those on matters that concern children and young people.
Feminism demands an end to the traditional oppression and disadvantage on the basis of sex or gender – all persons should have equal rights and obligations, opportunities and chances and receive equal recognition, whether they are female, male or non-binary. Feminists campaign to achieve e.g. equal pay for women – jobs that more women than men do are often less well paid. They demand that unpaid work (e.g. housework, childcare) should be divided equally between women and men. Power should also be distributed fairly because to this day leadership positions and parliaments in which important decisions are made are filled with more men than women. Everyone should be free to go where they wish, without having to be afraid of being insulted or assaulted.
The murder of a woman or girl for reasons of sex or gender is called femicide. This is a form of gender-based violence.
Gender, gender-based violence
Gender is the social aspect of a person’s sex. It describes the role in society and the expectations society has of a person on the basis of their biological sex and their felt and lived gender. »Sex«, on the other hand, is a biological term applied to persons on the basis of their physical sexual characteristics.
Gender-based violence occurs when a person becomes a victim of violence because of their gender. Such violence is the consequence of social power structures. Women are much more frequently victims of gender-based violence than men.
Stans for the community of:
Bisexuals – people who love persons of the same and also the opposite sex.
Transgender – people who do not feel they belong to their biological sex or feel they are neither a girl/woman or boy/man.
Intersex – people who possess both female and male physical characteristics.
Queers – all people who live and love beyond heterosexual and/or binary sexual norms.
+ stands for all those people who feel that the gender identities and/or sexual orientations do not apply to them.
Machismo, machismo societies
The word macho that is used in English is derived from the Spanish term machismo. One dictionary defines this as »an exaggerated feeling of male superiority and vitality«. Machismo expresses itself in the form of a kind of manic masculinity and is therefore consistent with denigratory behaviour towards women, e.g. through derogatory remarks or when men believe they have the right to be able to take decisions on behalf of women.
A machismo society is strongly influenced by traditional role models, the predominance of men is apparently self-evident and the derogatory treatment of women commonplace and tolerated.
Patriarchy, patriarchal society
In a patriarchy co-habitation is shaped, controlled and represented by men. A patriarchal society is structured so that men are in a position of dominance over women and children in the state/politics, in social relationships and in the family.
Transgender, transgender boy
For transgender see LGBTIQ+
A transgender boy is a person who was assigned the female sex at birth on the grounds of his physical characteristics